FAQ’s for U.S. Citizens during COVID-19

Frequently Asked Questions for U.S. Citizens 

Updated: 9 November 2021  

If you are a U.S. citizen living or traveling outside of the U.S. and you have not done so, please enroll in the Department of State’s Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP). The Embassy will then be able to contact you with updated information in case of an emergency.  

I am in the United States and I want to travel to Ireland. Do I need to quarantine or self-isolate when I arrive?  

On August 2, 2021, the Department of State issued aLevel 4 Travel Advisory, recommending that U.S. citizens not travel to Ireland due to the high levels of COVID-19.  

For travelers arriving into Ireland from the United States you will need to:  

  • Show valid proof of vaccination or valid proof that you have recovered from COVID-19 in the past 180 days If you do not have valid proof of vaccination or recovery, you will need to present evidence of a negative RT-PCR result from a test taken within 72 hours prior to arrival into the country. You must also fill in a form electronically before you arrive in Ireland called the COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form. Failure to complete the passenger locator form or providing false or misleading information is an offense under Irish law, punishable by a fine of up to 2,500 euro and/or imprisonment for up to 6 months. 

Go to the COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form  

I am a U.S. citizen in Ireland. Can I travel to the United States? Do I need to quarantine once I’ve arrived? 

  • If you plan to travel internationally, you will need to get a COVID-19 viral test (regardless of vaccination status) before you travel by air into the United States. You must show your negative result to the airline before you board your flight.  
  • Fully vaccinated:The viral test must be conducted on a sample taken no more than3 daysbefore the flight’s departure from a foreign country if you show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19.  
  • Not fully vaccinated:The viral test must be conducted on a sample taken no more than1 daybefore the flight’s departure from a foreign country if you do not show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19.  
  • If you recently recovered from COVID-19, you may instead travel with documentation of recovery from COVID-19 (i.e., your positive COVID-19 viral test result on a sample taken no more than 90 days before the flight’s departure from a foreign countryanda letter from a licensed healthcare provider or a public health official stating that you were cleared to travel).  

Check the CDC website for additional information andFrequently Asked Questions. 

How can I renew my U.S. passport? 

We continue to process mail-in renewal passport applications and strongly encourage eligible U.S. citizens to renew their U.S. passport by mail, as we cannot currently offer routine, in-person appointments to applicants who are eligible to renew by mail. Please note U.S. passports can be renewed any time before or after they expire, and a U.S. passport is valid for travel to the United States until the day it expires. Further details on applying for a U.S. passport, including emergency appointments, are available on ourPassport Services page.  

What should I do if my passport is expired/visa pages are full and I have immediate travel? 

If you are overseas and your passport expired on or after January 1, 2020, you may be able to use your expired passport to return directly to the United States until December 31, 2021.For full details regarding this possibility, please see ourMay 25, 2021 Message to U.S. Citizens in Ireland. 

Further details on applying for a U.S. passport, including emergency appointments,are availableonourPassport Services page.  

Can I apply for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA)? 

Yes. Details on applying for a CRBA are available on ourCitizenship Services page.  

My child is a minor/I am applying for my first adult passport; can I renew their/my passport through the mail? 

No. Minorpassport renewalsand firstadult passport renewalsmust be done in person.Further details on applying for a U.S. passport are available on ourPassport Services page.  

Is the Embassy providing notarial services? How can I get documents notarized? 

Yes. However, due to the ongoing COVID-19 global pandemic and COVID mitigation measures we are taking to protect the health of our customers and employees, the U.S. Embassy in Dublin is offering only limited notary appointments and wait times for notary services are longer than normal; we are not able to accommodate requests for expedited notary appointments.If we are not able to accommodate you as soon as you require, you may wish to consider using an Irish Notary Public. To find a Notary Public in Ireland, please visit the Faculty of Notaries Public in Ireland websitehere.Forfurther details please seeourNotarial Services page.  

Can the Embassy help me get my COVID-19 relief payments? 

The Embassy does not have a rolein administeringtheCoronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic SecurityAct(CARESAct), which is operated by the U.S. Department of theTreasurythrough the IRS.More information regardingCARESchecks, deposits, and tax credits isavailablehereon the IRS website.Contact information for the IRS, if required, can befoundhere.   

I am a dual U.S.-Irish citizen. Can I travel to the United States using my Irish passport? 

No. According to Section 215 of the U.S Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1185) it is illegal for a U.S. citizen to enter or leave the United States on anything other than a U.S. passport.This applies to dual citizens as well, meaning that persons holding e.g. both Irish and U.S. citizenships MUST enter and leave the United States on a valid U.S. passport; they may NOT enter/leave the United States on an Irish/foreign passport. This applies to children as well as adults.  

I am a U.S. citizen and I have a question about my non-U.S. citizen family member’s visa or travel to the United States. 

The American Citizen services Unit is not able to answer queries about visas and travel for non – U.S citizens. Please visit the Embassy’s page forU.S. Visa and Travel FAQs, andtravel.state.govfor up-to-date information.Additionalquestionspertaining toimmigrantvisascanbe directed toDublinIV@state.gov, and non-immigrant visa-related queries can be directed toUSVisaDublin@state.gov. These e-mailinboxesare monitored regularlyby Embassy staffduringnormalbusiness hours. The American Citizen Services Unitis not able toanswer queriesaboutvisas and travel for non-U.S. citizens.  

How can I replace a U.S. birth certificate? 

Contact the vital records officein the state where you were born to get a copy of your birth certificate. Follow the instructions for requesting copies and paying fees. If you need a copy fast, ask about expedited service or shipping when you place your order.  

How can I renew my U.S. driver’s license? 

The Embassy does not have a role in issuing or renewing U.S. driver’slicenses. Check with theMotor Vehicle authorityintheU.S.state or territory where your license was issued.  

How can I have a U.S. document apostilled?    

The U.S. Embassy Dublincannotcomplete Apostilles on U.S. issued certificates. The Secretary of State offices in eachstate have control of vital record documents,please contact your State’s Secretary of State officefor instructions on how to get an Apostille.  

Can I apply for citizenship for my children through a grandparent?   

A child under age 18 who has a U.S. citizen grandparent who meets thephysical presence requirementsmay qualify forexpeditious naturalizationunder the Immigration and Nationality Act. Although not entitled to U.S. citizenship at birth, the child can, through this process, become a U.S. citizen by naturalization without first having to take up residence in the United States. It is, however, necessary for the child to travel to the United States for the naturalization, and all applications and documentation must be submitted and approved beforehand. This procedure must be done through theUnited States Citizenship and Immigration Services(USCIS), andis not handled by the U.S. Embassy Dublin. The process can take from six months to a year or more.For moreinformationpleasevisitourExpeditious Naturalization webpage.